All posts by Walter Frei
Modeling of Materials in Wave Electromagnetics Problems
Whenever we are solving a wave electromagnetics problem in COMSOL Multiphysics, we build a model that is composed of domains and boundary conditions. Within the domains, we use various material models to represent a wide range of substances. However, from a mathematical point of view, all of these different materials end up being handled identically within the governing equation. Let’s take a look at these various material models and discuss when to use them.
Modeling Metallic Objects in Wave Electromagnetics Problems
Metals are materials that are highly conductive and reflect an incident electromagnetic wave — light, microwaves, and radio waves — very well. When using the RF Module or the Wave Optics Module to simulate electromagnetics problems in the frequency domain, there are several options for modeling metallic objects. Here, we will look at the Impedance and Transition boundary conditions as well as the Perfect Electric Conductor boundary condition, offering guidance on when to use each one.
Which Module Should I Choose for Working with My CAD Data?
There are several different add-on modules to the COMSOL Multiphysics® software for working with external CAD and ECAD data. These modules allow both unidirectional and bidirectional data transfer between the COMSOL Multiphysics analysis tools and the CAD and ECAD software that you are using for design. In this blog post, we will cover the functionality of these various modules and describe why you may want to use them.
Modeling Laser-Material Interactions with the Beer-Lambert Law
High-intensity lasers incident upon a material that is partially transparent will deposit power into the material itself. If the absorption of the incident light can be described by the Beer-Lambert law, it is possible to model this power deposition using the core functionality of COMSOL Multiphysics. We will demonstrate how to model the absorption of the laser light and the resultant heating for a material with temperature-dependent absorptivity.
Improving Your Meshing with Partitioning
Often, the most tedious step of finite element modeling is subdividing your CAD geometry into a finite element mesh. This step, usually just called meshing, can sometimes be fully automated. More often, however, the careful finite element analyst will want to semi-manually create their meshes. Although this does require more work, sometimes there are significant advantages in doing so. In this blog entry, we will look at one of the key manual meshing techniques: the concept of geometric partitioning.
Curve Fitting of Experimental Data with COMSOL Multiphysics
We often need to work with experimental data in COMSOL Multiphysics, usually to represent material properties or other inputs to our model. However, experimental data is often noisy; it contains experimental errors that we do not want to introduce into our simulations. In this blog post, we will look at how to fit smooth curves and surfaces to experimental data using the core functionality of COMSOL Multiphysics.
Ports and Lumped Ports for Wave Electromagnetics Problems
When using the COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate wave electromagnetics problems in the frequency domain, there are several options for modeling boundaries through which a propagating electromagnetic wave will pass without reflection. Here, we will look at the Lumped Port boundary condition available in the RF Module and the Port boundary condition, which is available in both the RF Module and the Wave Optics Module.
Implementing a Thermostat with the Events Interface
A thermostat is a device that senses the temperature of a system and uses this information to control the system’s heaters, or coolers, to keep the temperature close to a desired setpoint. While there are many different types of thermostats, we will focus today on one that turns a heater either on or off based upon two setpoints. This is known as an on-off or a bang-bang controller, and it can be implemented with the Events interface in COMSOL Multiphysics.
- COMSOL Now
- Today in Science