Muffler with Perforates
Application ID: 1843
Reflective mufflers are best suited for the low-frequency range where only plane waves can propagate in the system, while dissipative mufflers with fibers are efficient in the mid- to high-frequency range. Dissipative mufflers based on flow losses, on the other hand, also work at low frequencies.
A typical automotive exhaust system is a hybrid construction consisting of a combination of reflective and dissipative muffler elements. The reflective parts are normally tuned to remove dominating low-frequency engine harmonics, while the dissipative parts are designed to take care of higher-frequency noise.
The muffler analyzed in this model is an example of a complex hybrid muffler in which the dissipative element is created completely by flow through perforated pipes and plates.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.