Primary Current Distribution in a Lead-Acid Battery Grid Electrode
Application ID: 9984
This 3D model example demonstrates the use of the Primary Current Distribution interface for modeling current distributions in electrochemical cells. In primary current distribution, the potential losses due to electrode kinetics and mass transport are assumed to be negligible, and ohmic losses are govern the current distribution in the cell. Here you investigate primary current distribution in a positive lead-acid battery grid electrode during a high load (100 A) discharge. In a traditional lead-acid electrode, the porous electrode is supported by a metal grid that also provides electronic conduction throughout the electrode. Optimizing the design of the grid leads to increased performance and lifetime as well as reduced weight.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:Batteries & Fuel Cells Module
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
- COMSOL Multiphysics® and
- either the Batteries & Fuel Cells Module, Corrosion Module, Electrochemistry Module, or Electrodeposition Module
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.