Smoke from an Incense Stick — Visualizing the Laminar to Turbulent Transition in Natural Convection
Application ID: 97501
This example considers the natural convection of air above a smoldering incense stick. This kind of flow often shows a transition from laminar to turbulent which is nicely visualized by the smoke produced by the slow burning of the incense. The model uses the Nonisothermal Flow, LES RBVM interface. For the visualization of the flow, the Particle Tracing for Fluid Flow interface is used.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.