The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.
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The purpose of this model is to visualize the electric potential in an electrochemical cell, for example a battery. This is done at OCV and during operation. In a battery, this would correspond to OCV, discharge, and recharge. The potential profile is explained both for cells with planar ... Read More
Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and ... Read More
Carbon dioxide in aqueous solution is highly corrosive and can cause significant damage to steel designs. Such conditions arise in pipes used in a variety of applications, especially within the petrochemical industry. In this tutorial example, turbulent flows consisting of carbon ... Read More
In this model, the effect of corrosion product on galvanic corrosion between a magnesium alloy (AE44) and mild steel in contact with brine solution is presented, wherein deformed boundaries due to both deposition of corrosion product as well as dissolution of magnesium are considered. ... Read More
This example models cathodic protection of a steel reinforcing bar in concrete. Three different electrochemical reactions are considered on the steel surface. Charge and oxygen transport are modeled in the concrete domain, where the electrolyte conductivity and oxygen diffusivity depend ... Read More
This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of a busbar, which includes a copper flange, an aluminum alloy flange in contact with a zinc nut and bolt. The Secondary Current Distribution interface is used to solve for the electric potential in electrode domain and Current ... Read More
A bipolar membrane consists of one anion-selective, and one cation-selective membrane, in contact with each other. The combined cation and anion selectivity makes the bipolar membrane highly impermeable to all ions, with the exception of H+ and OH- which are formed by water splitting ... Read More
Impressed current cathodic protection is a commonly employed strategy to mitigate the ship hull corrosion where an external current is applied to the hull surface, polarizing it to a lower potential. In this model, the effect of propeller coating on the current demand is demonstrated. Read More
This example models galvanic corrosion between two different phases in a magnesium alloy for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. The Phase Field interface is used here to model dissolution of a constituent phase leading to topological changes. The electrode ... Read More
Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy ... Read More