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Corrosion Modulex

Potential Profile in Batteries and Electrochemical Cells

The purpose of this model is to visualize the electric potential in an electrochemical cell, for example a battery. This is done at OCV and during operation. In a battery, this would correspond to OCV, discharge, and recharge. The potential profile is explained both for cells with planar ... Read More

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and ... Read More

Carbon Dioxide Corrosion in Steel Pipes

Carbon dioxide in aqueous solution is highly corrosive and can cause significant damage to steel designs. Such conditions arise in pipes used in a variety of applications, especially within the petrochemical industry. In this tutorial example, turbulent flows consisting of carbon ... Read More

Under-Deposit Corrosion

In this model, the effect of corrosion product on galvanic corrosion between a magnesium alloy (AE44) and mild steel in contact with brine solution is presented, wherein deformed boundaries due to both deposition of corrosion product as well as dissolution of magnesium are considered. ... Read More

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Reinforced Concrete

This example models cathodic protection of a steel reinforcing bar in concrete. Three different electrochemical reactions are considered on the steel surface. Charge and oxygen transport are modeled in the concrete domain, where the electrolyte conductivity and oxygen diffusivity depend ... Read More

Atmospheric Corrosion of a Busbar

This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of a busbar, which includes a copper flange, an aluminum alloy flange in contact with a zinc nut and bolt. The Secondary Current Distribution interface is used to solve for the electric potential in electrode domain and Current ... Read More

Bipolar Ion-Exchange Membrane

A bipolar membrane consists of one anion-selective, and one cation-selective membrane, in contact with each other. The combined cation and anion selectivity makes the bipolar membrane highly impermeable to all ions, with the exception of H+ and OH- which are formed by water splitting ... Read More

Corrosion Protection of a Ship Hull

Impressed current cathodic protection is a commonly employed strategy to mitigate the ship hull corrosion where an external current is applied to the hull surface, polarizing it to a lower potential. In this model, the effect of propeller coating on the current demand is demonstrated. Read More

Localized Corrosion Using the Phase Field Method

This example models galvanic corrosion between two different phases in a magnesium alloy for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. The Phase Field interface is used here to model dissolution of a constituent phase leading to topological changes. The electrode ... Read More

Galvanic Corrosion of a Magnesium Alloy in Contact with Steel

Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy ... Read More