J. Xi, Q. M. Mohamad, Y. E. Yuan, J. Rohlinger
Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.
S. Jin, J. McReynolds, X. Li, J. Guan
Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Currently, researchers are looking for ways to mass-produce biologically functional pancreatic beta cells in vitro because of the shortage of donor tissue needed for diabetes cell therapy. The beta cells will become hypoxic if their high oxygen demands are not met. We hypothesized that the biological function of beta cells can be improved if they are cultured in a 3D collagen scaffold, which ...
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Hayward, CA, USA
A pocket-size portable particle size detector for diesel and cigarette smoke aerosols is being designed using particle size and composition methods. Aerodynamics, fluid properties, material composition and aerosol composition are taken into account. Testing methods for the design include using an impactor and virtual impactor with two quartz crystal resonators to determine particle composition ...
D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium
Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...
Electric Resistance Welding Process in Tube Manufacturing: Comparison Between a Numerical Model and a Set of Plant Trials - new
C. Cincunegui, P. Marino, D. Tieppo, E. Martinez
Tenaris, Campana, Buenos Aires, Argentina
In welded tube manufacturing, the electric resistance welding (EW) process begins with a coiled plate of steel with appropriate thickness and width to conform the produced tube. The strip is pulled through a series of rollers that gradually cold conform it into a tubular shape. The edges of the cylindrical plate come together forming a V. The strip edges are heated with a high frequency power ...
Materials Synthesis & Integrated Devices, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
Oil and water are immiscible fluids and they tend to separate very easily when introduced into a flow stream from two different sources in a flow loop. This model studies the development of mixture volume fraction in an oil-water-flow loop with 3 different passive mixing schemes: (i) blind-T, (ii) check valve, and (iii) static mixer. Each device produces different levels of mixture homogeneity ...
LIMCA技术是一种原位测量高温液态金属中杂质颗粒的方法。测量的原理为：在一个小孔内外设置一对电极，并且通以电流，这样可以在孔口附近形成一个电敏感区，当杂质经过电敏感区时，通过测量电压脉冲信号以检测杂质的信息。对硬质颗粒的LIMCA技术已经有了许多研究，但实际情况下有些颗粒如气泡是可变形的，这将损害LIMCA的精度。 模型使用了 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的“层流两相流-相场”和“电磁场”模式，气泡和液态铝以相同的初始速度向相同方向运动，同时在液态导电金属中通以电流。由于流体和气泡是运动的，流动会受到洛伦兹力的影响，所以在流场中加入由电磁场计算得到的“mef.FLtzr”和“mef.FLtzz”作为体积力源项。同时流动结构的改变也会影响电磁场，两个物理场之间存在着强耦合，需要同时求解。 数值计算结果给出了在气泡变形情况下的流场、电磁场 ...
M. A. Chetoui , O. Boiron , A. Dogui , V. Deplano ,
 Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir; Ecole centrale Marseille, Marseille, France
 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale, Marseille, France
 Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir, Marseille, France
Intervertebral discs (IVD) are fibro-cartilages situated between vertebrae providing their joint flexibility. They play a major role in the transmission and absorption of load through the spine. The disc can undergo progressive structural and quantitative changes in its composition and morphology related to mechanical load applied to the spine which can lead to disc degeneration; this disease is ...
Infrasound Assessment of the Roller Compacted Concrete Dam: Case Study of the Portugues Dam in Ponce, PR
H. Diaz-Alvarez , V. P. Chiarito , S. McComas , M. H. McKenna ,
 U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is currently investigating the use of infrasound sensors to monitor the health of structures of interest. Infrasound is low-frequency (2-20 Hz) acoustic energy and is capable of propagating many kilometers from the source structure. Large infrastructure, such as dams, bridges, and buildings emit such signals at their natural or driven frequencies of vibration, ...
N. Chamuah , P. Nath ,
 Tezpur University, Sonitpur, Assam, India
Present work demonstrates a detail simulation results on enhanced generation of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) field condition in a periodically varying height metal nano-pillars. Periodically varying height metal nanopillar provides enhanced LSPR field conditions than uniformly structured metal nanopillar. However the refractive index sensing for periodically varying height metal ...