S. Musa and M. Sadiku
College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
Due to the complexity of electromagnetic modeling, researchers and scientists always look for development of accurate and fast methods to extract the parameters of electronic interconnects and package structures. In this paper, we illustrate modeling of multiconductor interconnects in multilayered dielectric media using COMSOL Multiphysics and the finite element method. We specifically ...
M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy
Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths. In this work we ...
J. Biggs, P. VonLockette, and S. Lofland
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey
Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...
C.B. Crawford, Y. Shin, and G. Porter
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor / magnetic material configuration, using FEA software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired field. Our method involved solving the classical Laplace equation on regions with imposed boundary conditions, which was implemented ...
P. Alotto, M. Guarnieri, and F. Moro
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
K. K. Sriperumbudur, P. J. Koester, M. Stubbe, C. Tautorat, J. Held, W. Baumann, and J. Gimsa
 University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
 Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany
In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...
V. Hrubý, and R. Hrach
Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
The computer simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics has become a widely used technique for the study of various problems in the field of plasma physics. Despite the increasing performance of computers, fully three-dimensional particle simulations still have got extremely high demands on hardware and computer time. Although many problems could be solved by fluid models, results obtained by these ...
A. Gerisch, S. Tiburtius, Q. Grimal, and K. Raum
Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, France
Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
Musculoskeletal mineralised tissues (MMTs), like bone or tendon, are a prime example of naturally occuring, hierarchically structured material. They display a great variety in mechanical function but are all based on essentially the same building block: the mineralised collagen fibril (100 nanometer in diameter). This building block is arranged in various spatial structures across many length ...
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...