See How Multiphysics Simulation Is Used in Research and Development

Engineers, researchers, and scientists across industries use multiphysics simulation to research and develop innovative product designs and processes. Find inspiration in technical papers and presentations they have presented at the COMSOL Conference. Browse the selection below or use the Quick Search tool to find a specific presentation or filter by application area.
View the COMSOL Conference 2019 Collection
Bioscience and Bioengineeringx

Stochastic Diffusion of Calcium Ions Through a Nanopore in the Cell Membrane Created by Electroporation new

O. Henao[1], V. Gómez[1], I. De La Pava[1], J. Sánchez [1]
[1]Grupo Fisiología Celular y Aplicada, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

We simulated the diffusion of calcium ions through a nanopore created in the cell membrane by electroporation, in presence and absence of the external electric field responsible of the membrane permeabilization. First we solved the set of coupled differential equations that describe the ... Read More

Simulation of Normal and Cancerous T-cell Membrane Electroporation new

O. Henao[1], V. Gómez[1], I. De la Pava[1], J. Sánchez[1]
[1]Grupo Fisiología Celular y Aplicada, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

Electroporation is an increase of the cell membrane permeability due to the formation of aqueous pores in it when the cell is under the influence of an intense electric field [1][2]. The formation of such pores in the membrane can be used to enhance the uptake of chemotherapeutic drugs ... Read More

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure new

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions ... Read More

Effect of a High Frequency Field on the Electric Double Layer Surrounding a Biomolecule in a Fluid new

M. Riou[1], C. Maedler[1], S. Erramilli[1], P. Mohanty[1]
[1]Boston University, Boston, MA, USA

Biosensors based on silicon nanowires are of great interest for ultrasensitive biomolecular recognition of disease specific markers for early stage diagnosis [1]. However, there are limitations on the performance of these nanosensors in solutions at high ionic strength. This is because ... Read More

Photo-Biological Reactor for Organic Waste Consumption and Hydrogen Production new

L. F. de Souza[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

A simple steady-state photo-fermentative biochemical model was developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics'® Transport of Diluted Species physics interface. A dimensionless model seeks optimal physical parameters based on given biochemical parameters found in literature. A parametric sweep ... Read More

Solving Calcium Spatiotemporal Diffusion Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software new

L. Garber[1,2], G. S. B. Williams[2], W. J. Lederer[2]
[1]Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
[2]Center for Biomedical Engineering & Technology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

This project involves a simplified biological problem that was used to test the potential of COMSOL Multiphysics® software for cardiac myocyte spatial modeling. We made several assumptions to simplify the biological complexity and to highlight the geometrical structures (i.e., lack of ... Read More

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical ... Read More

Analysis of Heat Transfer in a Complex Three Dimensional Structure Fabricated by Additive Manufacturing new

C. Settle[1], K. Hoshino[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

The goal of this study was to create a three dimensionally designed biomedical device with multiple functionalities and analyze its simulated heat transfer. The device would be fabricated through additive manufacturing; specifically electron beam melting (EBM). EBM has a feature size ... Read More

Simulation of Bio-medical Waveguide in Mechanical and Optical fields new

Y. Xin[1], A. Purniawan[1], L. Pakula[1], G. Pandraud[1], P. J. French[1]
[1]Technology University of Delft, Delft, Netherlands

This paper presents a freestanding waveguide to achieve the goal of detecting anastomosis leakage after colon surgery. The freestanding part is a thin membrane consisting of TiO2 rib and SiN ridge. This freestanding waveguide is designed both mechanically and optically to maintain ... Read More

Multiphysics Modeling of Electrode-Driven Renal Denervation for Hypertension Treatment new

M. Miliani[1], F. Piccagli[1], C. Silvestro[1]
[1]Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, Italy

Introduction: Chronic arterial hypertension (HTN) is a pathological condition characterized by prolonged high level of arterial blood pressure causing major damages to several human body apparata. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has been found to effectively reduce systemic blood ... Read More