Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a 100-dm3 ...

Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of Infiltration Test for a Bentonite-Sand Mixture: Model Verification and Parameter Identification

M. Hasal[1], R. Hrtus[1], Z. Michalec[1], R. Blaheta[1]
[1]Institute of Geonics AS CR, Ostrava, Czech Republic

The first aim of our work is to create a hydro-mechanical model (HM) of unsaturated fluid flow in bentonite-sand mixture (BSM) MX-80. The second aim is to validate and calibrate the developed model by using the data from a laboratory infiltration test of BSM. The used multi-physics model combines Richards type unsaturated flow with diffusive vapour flow and (nonlinear) elastic response of the ...

Simulation of Flow in a Rectangular Channel of a PEM Fuel Cell

A. L. R. Paulino [1], E. Robalinho [2], E. F. Cunha [1], M. Linardi [1], R. R. Passos [3], E. I. Santiago [1]
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3] Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil

The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...

Transient CFD Investigation of a Photocatalytic Multi-tube Reactor

S. Denys [1], J. van Walsem [1], J. Roegiers [1], S. Lenaerts [1],
[1] University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

As in industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors and the stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality, one approach for abating indoor air pollution is the integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow. PCO technology is very cost-effective, efficient ...

3D Model of Flow Behavior near Dermal Denticles from Shark Skin

A. N. Kolborg [1],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

This project makes a first attempt at modelling fluid flow over shark skin on a microscopic level. The modeled fluid flow shows good agreement with theory. Further refinement of the model parameters holds promises of better understanding of this complex fluid flow phenomenon. The COMSOL Multiphysics® model was evaluated against micro particle image velocimetry measurements of the same flow ...

Geometric Optimization of Micromixers

M. Jain[1], A. Rao[1], K. Nandakumar[1]
[1]Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...

3D Modelling of Flow Dynamics in Packed Beds of Low Aspect Ratio - new

F. Alzahrani[1], F. Aiouache[1]
[1]Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...

Improvements on Cyclotron Gas Target Cooling System Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. M. Alrumayan [1], Q. Akkam [1], S. Alqaryan [1],
[1] King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Medical Cyclotrons are used in hospitals to manufacture radiopharmaceuticals. The nuclear reaction between the Cyclotron charged particles and a material takes place inside the so-called targets. In particular, gas target is used when a specific gas is bombarded with proton particles to produce radioactive gas [1]. For successful reaction and good production yield, heat generated due to ...

3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Numerical Design of a Test Plant for Dynamic Analysis of High Temperature Thermoelectric Generators

M. Rohne [1], A. Schlott [1], V. Pacheco [1], J. Meinert [1],
[1] Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Branch Lab Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Thermoelectric generators (TEG) use Seebeck’s effect to directly convert heat into electricity. TEG represent, therefore, a promising option for energy harvesting of waste heat, for example in car exhaust systems. To investigate the dynamic behavior of high temperature TEG, a test facility was numerically designed and finally constructed. Transient thermal simulations were performed in order to ...